I really don’t know where last week disappeared to! I walked through the woods on a beautiful Tuesday last week and then the rest of the week flew by in a whirlwind of work! So, here we are, apologies for the slightly late posting of this entry…Lets go for a walk!
The trees and plants are as confused by the weather as we all are at the moment! Every week the weather could quite easily be doing anything at all, from brilliant sunshine to snow this really has been a spring of extremes! Fortunately, last Tuesday was a beautiful spring day and it was wonderful to see the signs of spring in the sunshine.
Many of the tree buds are still remaining resolutely closed against the cold weather, but a few of the species in the woodland are starting to show signs of emerging leaves. One of the most advanced species in this woodland is the elder (Sambucus nigra), which is by far the furthest along in terms of bud burst.
Looking around the woodland floor the nettles are starting to emerge in patches. The common nettle (Urtica dioica) prefers moist fertile soil that has a deep layer of composting detritus therefore the woodland floor with its thick layer of decomposing leaf litter is the perfect habitat for these plants.
While nettles are often considered to be a troublesome weed, they actually have a wide range of uses, from tea made from the young leaves to string, rope and fabrics made from the fibrous stem nettles are a wonderfully versatile plant. For more uses for nettles have a look at this website: http://dallia.hubpages.com/hub/interesting-facts-about-stinging-nettles
A couple of weeks ago, we saw a lot of evidence of squirrel activity in the form of hazel nut shells characteristically split in two. Again, there was a wealth of feeding evidence littering the woodland floor, this one tree stump was covered in discarded shells.
However, these shells are not the only indicators of grey squirrel presence. Many of the trees are showing signs of squirrel damage. Grey squirrels gnaw at the stems of trees to get to the sweet sap-filled layers just beneath the bark. If a complete circle of bark and underlying tissue is removed the tree is said to have been ‘ring barked’ which prevents the movement of sugars around the tree and the section above the damaged tissue will die. This typically occurs between late April and the end of July and the damage observed during this walk was clearly caused in previous years.
Heading a little further down the path, these bright young leaves caught my eye. I am fairly sure they are Lords and Ladies (Arum maculatum), however my ground level vegetation identification is not my strong point! As the plants develop it will be clear whether my identification is correct or not!
Walking out the other side of the woodland, some of the larger trees around the perimeter have a lot of holes. Many birds and mammals make and use holes in trees, especially in deadwood or weakened wood. It was impossible to see these holes clearly with the naked eye and my camera wasn’t strong enough to zoom in. I made a mental note to bring binoculars with me on future walks! For now, here’s the best picture I could get with my iphone camera!
So that’s another week in the woods! Join us again next week for the latest developments. Lets hope this good weather holds and the trees can start to really get into spring! See you again next time for a walk in the woods!
Remember to upload pictures of your own woodland walks to our facebook page – Treecreeper Arborists or email them to firstname.lastname@example.org . Happy woodland walks!