Woodland Watch – Week 5 – 17/04/2013

It’s all starting to happen in the woods now. With the warmer weather drifting in, albeit in fits and starts, everything seems to finally be trusting that it is safe to come out of hibernation. This week, everything seemed to be bursting into life, wherever I looked there were signs of spring and listening to the birds singing in the trees and hedgerows passed a beautiful half hour wandering around the woods.

One of the first new plants I noticed on entering the woods was self heal (Prunella vulgaris) starting to flower around the edges of the woodland in the grassy ecotone. Self-heals are low-growing plants, and thrive in moist wasteland and grass, spreading rapidly to cover the ground. They are members of the mint family and have the square stem common to mints. They flower from late spring through to autumn and add another touch of colour to the ground as you enter the woodland.

Self heal growing on the grassy boundaries of the woodland edge

Self heal growing on the grassy boundaries of the woodland edge

Up until today the majority of the trees and lower level canopy remained stubbornly in bud with only the young elder leaves brave enough to emerge. It was good to see the hazel buds bursting into life, showering the woodland at eye level with bright green emerging leaves.

Most of this woodland is comprised of coppiced hazel (Corylus avellana) and in the past hazel has been crucially important as a source of wood which grows into straight poles when cut at ground level (coppiced). Uses include thatching spars, net stakes, water divining sticks, hurdles, furniture,  firewood and many many more. Hazel nuts were prized as a food source in the past, however grey squirrels often strip the trees before the nuts can ripen and be harvested.

Bud burst on coppiced hazel

Bud burst on coppiced hazel

Also starting to come into leaf is the common English wild honeysuckle (Lonicera periclymentum). I was glad to see honeysuckle in the woodland as it is an important plant for dormouse habitat. Dormice shred honeysuckle bark and weave it into a ball to form their nests and although I have yet to spot signs of dormice in this coppice woodland, it is good that it has potential as dormouse habitat.

English wild honeysuckle

English wild honeysuckle

The elder (Sambucus nigra) is certainly the most advanced tree/shrub in the woodland in terms of leaf development now. Also part of the honeysuckle family, elder provides a wealth of flowers and fruit throughout the year feeding a wide range of birds, animals and insects.

Elder leaves are one of the most developed in the woodland so far

Elder leaves are some of the most developed in the woodland so far

And its not just the hazel and elder bursting into leaf, there are a lot of young hawthorn plants making up the shrub layer of the woodland and their bright young leaves are also starting to emerge.

Young hawthorn leaves emerging

Young hawthorn leaves emerging

That’s it for this week. Join us again for a walk in the woods and see what you see on your own walks. Let us know at http://www.tree-creeper.com or send us your photos on our Treecreeper Arborists facebook page.

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